be lost, maintained, or enhanced, and must be constantly attended to in interaction. (1975:868) On the basis of experiments showing that Chinese high school students defined losses of miànzi and lin interchangeably, while university students distinguished them, Huang Shuanfan concluded that: Succinctly, among college subjects, loss of mianzi is more definitely tied to failure to measure. For a person to maintain face is important with Chinese social relations because face translates into power and influence and affects goodwill. Another usage example is give face, which is included in the Wiktionary but not the OED2.
Anyone who does not wish to declare his social bankruptcy must show a regard for face: he must claim for himself, and must extend to others, some degree of compliance, respect, and deference in order to maintain a minimum level of effective social functioning. In terms of interpersonal communication, Facework refers to an individuals identity in a social world and how that identity is created, reinforced, diminished, and maintained in communicative interactions. Allan, H Turnner, Kenneth, Jonathan; Turner, Jonathan. (1975:870) "Losing face" brings into question one's moral decency and societal adequacy, but not "gaining face". There are basically two main ways of expressing loss of face. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. (1977) "Face Saving and Face Restoration in Negotiation.". Hu (1944:51-52) contrasts méiyu lin without face "audacious; wanton; shameless" as "the most severe condemnation that can be made of a person" and byào lin don't want face "shameless; selfishly inconsiderate" as "a serious accusation meaning that ego does not care what society thinks. Kwakiutl and Haida noblemen have the same notion of "face" as the Chinese mandarin or officer. Gain ) regarding face 'prestige though less frequently than save ". Berger, Peter; Luckmann, Thomas (1966). The key components of a descriptive essay presentation of self in everyday life.
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